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The Alhambra (from Arabic "Al-Hamra", literally "the red one"; the complete name was "al-Qal'at al-Hamra" = "the red fortress") is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish rulers of Granada in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed during the mid 14th century), occupying a hilly terrace on the southeastern border of the city of Granada.

The terrace or plateau where the Alhambra sits measures about 740 m (2430 ft) in length by 205 m (674 ft) at its greatest width.

A room of the palace and a view of the Court of the Lions.

The Muslim rulers lost Granada and Alhambra in 1492 without the fortress itself being attacked when King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile took the region with an overwhelming force of numbers.The first reference to the Qal’at al Hamra was during the battles between the Arabs and the Muladies during the rule of the ‘Abdullah ibn Muhammad (r. In one particularly fierce and bloody skirmish, the Muladies soundly defeated the Arabs, who were then forced to take shelter in a primitive red castle located in the province of Elvira, presently located in Granada.According to surviving documents from the era, the red castle was quite small, and its walls were not capable of deterring an army intent on conquering.It extends from WNW to ESE and covers an area of about 142,000 m².Its most westerly feature is the alcazaba (citadel); a strongly fortified position.

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